Common Health Problems

Target audience: teenagers, adults

Level: Pre-Intermediate and above

Language Focus: Vocabulary

Practice Type: General Practice

Lesson Plan:

  1. Get to know the new vocabulary
  2. Do practice activities
1.Get to know the new vocabulary

Common problems

Read the dialogue:

Patient: I don’t feel well.

Doctor: What’s the matter?

Patient: I’ve got a sore throat and I keep sneezing.

Doctor: Oh, you’ve probably got a cold or flu. You should go to bed.

Patient: Yes, I think I will.

Cold - a common infection typically causing running at the nose, sneezing, and a sore throat.

Flu(influenza) - a highly contagious infection causing fever (high temperature), severe aching, and often occurring in epidemics. More serious than a cold.

  • What’s the matter?
    The symptoms
    Cause of illness
    I’ve got a cold.
    sneezing, a sore throat, a cough
    a virus
    I’ve got flu.
    same as for a cold + high temperature
    a virus
    I’ve got an allergy.
    sneezing, watery eyes, itching
    tree and flower pollen, pets, dust
    I feel sick.
    I feel like throwing up.
    poisoning, too much food or a virus
    I’ve got a hangover.
    headache, feel sick
    too much alcohol

                    Common injuries                                                         


What’s the problem
How did it happen
She cut her finger
using smth. sharp
it’s bleeding
put a plaster on it
He twisted his ankle
was running on a treadmill
he can’t walk
put a bandage on it
She’s got a bruise
she fell over and hit her toe
it’s black and blue/swollen
put some ice on it
He broke his arm
he fell off the ladder
it’s painful
wear a sling
She burnt her hand
she touched a hot kettle
It hurts/has a blister
put cream on it

2. Do practice activities

Task 1. Составьте предложения:


  • 1.He hit his head on the door
    a. It’s swollen and it hurts when he touches it.
    2.He bruised his arm.
    b. He was beaten up quite badly.
    3.He broke his leg.
    c. It’s very painful.
    4.He cut his finger.
    d. He’s got a big bruise.
    5.He burnt himself.
    e. It’s still bleeding.
    6.He got into fight.
    f. He won’t be able to  for 2 weeks.


    Task 2. Изучите полезные фразы, а затем расставьте реплики в диалоге в нужном порядке:


What seems to be the problem? – Что беспокоит?

It sounds like an allergy – Похоже на аллергию.

Be allergic to pollen – Аллергия на цветение

Runny nose - Насморк

Congestion - Заложенность

Hey fever – Сенная лихорадка

Symptoms persist – Симптомы не проходят

Alleviate symptoms – Облегчать симптомы

Prescribe pills – Прописать таблетки

Take medication – Принимать медикаменты


a. Doctor: You're welcome.

b. Woman: Really? So what can I do to alleviate these symptoms?

c. Doctor: You have to take one pill a day. This should help with your congestion and runny nose symptoms. If you don't feel better soon, come back and see me.

d. Woman: Allergy? But, what am I allergic to? I don't have any pets and my house is always clean.
e. Doctor: Hi, I'm Doctor Smith. What seems to be the problem today?

f. Woman: OK. How often do I have to take these pills?

g. Doctor: I'm not sure but it may be hay fever because it is spring time, and there is a lot of pollen in the air right now.

h. Woman: Well, I don't think I have a cold but I've had a runny nose for more than two weeks, and I just don't feel like I have any energy.

i. Doctor: Well, I can do some tests but it sounds like an allergy to me.

j. Woman: Thank you, Doctor Smith.

k. Doctor: Well, I can prescribe some pills and we can see if that works.

Resources: Michael McCarthy, Felicity O’Dell. English Vocabulary in Use

Tags: teenagers, adults, vocabulary, pre-intermediate, intermediate, upper-intermediate, general practice

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AnswerTask 1: 1.d, 2.a, 3.f, 4.e, 5.c, 6.b Task 2: 1.e, 2.h, 3.i, 4.d, 5.g, 6.b, 7.k, 8.f, 9.c, 10.j, 11.a